Montag, 5. März 2007

(Wissenschaftliche) Definition

In vielen wissenschaftlichen Gebieten gab es Untersuchungen ueber die Liebe, was sie eigentlich ist, wie sie sich im menschlichen Koerper darstellt und warum wir solche Empfindungen ueberhaupt haben. Diese Forschung fuehrte aber nur begrenzt zu Erfolgen.

In der Biologie ist die Liebe zum Beispiel nicht definiert, da ueber die zugrunde liegenden biochemischen Vorgaenge immer noch recht wenig bekannt ist. Ausserdem macht das Konzept der Liebe im Kontext der Biologie nur begrenzt Sinn, denn sie ist nicht noetig, um den Fortbestand der menschlichen Rasse zu sichern. Tiere kommen zum Beispiel ohne sie aus.

Aus Sicht der Neurologie werden bei einem verliebten Menschen die Teile des Gehirns aktiviert, die auch fuer den sexuellen Trieb verantwortlich sind. Unterschiedliche Botenstoffe sorgen fuer Euphorie, Aufregung, Gluecksgefuehle und Wohlbefinden sowei erhoehte Lust. Ausserdem werden verstaerkt Pheromone abgegeben. Ueber die Zeit wird die Ausschuettung der Botenstoffe reduziert und der sensorische Rauschzustand endet langsam. Spaetestens nach zwei bis drei Jahren ist der Normalzustand wieder erreicht. Es ist interessant anzumerken, dass viele Scheidungen im vierten Jahr der Partnerschaft eingereicht werden.
Wird das Phaenomen ganz nuechtern betrachtet, dann aehnelt die Ausschuettung der Botenstoffe dem Verhalten, welches der Koerper bei einigen psychischen Krankheiten zeigt.

Die Evolutionslehre erklaert die Liebe dadurch, dass es den Fortbestand der Rasse unterstuetzt. Ein Kind, welches nach neun Monaten geboren wurde, lebt lange genug in einer sicheren und unterstuetzenden Umgebung. Danach kommt es auch mit einem Elternteil aus, um schliesslich ganz alleine zurechtzukommen.

Aus Sicht der Psychologie werden beim Verlieben hauptsaechlich Partner gewaehlt, welche die eigenen Interessen und Vorlieben unterstuetzen. Somit kann dieser Teil des Lebens mit einer anderen Person geteilt werden. Unter der "Steinzeit-Psyche" versteht man das spezielle Verhalten von Frauen (die einen starken Beschuetzer suchen) und Maennern (welche auf der Suche nach jungen und huebschen Frauen sind, weil die ein Indiz fuer gesunde Gene sein soll), welches zum Teil auch heute noch Einfluss auf die Partnerwahl hat.

Die Systemtheorie waehlt noch eine andere Beschreibung, denn hier gilt die Liebe vor allem als ein persoenliches Kommunikationsmedium, dass von der Gesellschaft nicht befriedigt werden kann. Die Zeit des verliebt sein stellt das Vorsystem zur Familie dar.

An dieser Stelle muss angemerkt werden, dass die Existenz der Liebe tatsaechlich noch von vielen Wissenschaftlern diskutiert wird. Einige wenige lehne die Idee strikt ab. Manche sehen sie als "Erfindung" des europaeischen Mittelalters, wo das Ideal der romantischen Liebe gebildet wurde. Andere Wissenschaftler behaupten, dass die Liebe existiert und undefinierbar ist. Einige beschreiben das Phaenomen als einen Akt des Borgens von Selbstbewusstsein an eine andere Person.

Wie man sehen kann gibt es also unglaublich viele verschiedene Betrachtungsweisen, der man sicherlich seine eigene subjektive Beschreibung hinzufuegen kann. Doch was ist nun wahr? Gibt es es eigentlich eine Wahrheit? Ich denke die zweite Frage laesst sich leicht mit "nein" beantworten, denn dafuer ist das Phaenomen der Liebe einfach zu komplex. Wichtig ist jedoch, dass man sich der unterschiedlichen Definitionen und Beschreibungen bewusst ist, wenn man sich damit auseinandersetzen moechte.

Kommentare:

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meiner Meinung nach ist das Wort "Liebe" erstmal nicht richtig, denn es beschreibt etwas was man in seine Einzelheiten zerlegen muss um es zu verstehen, dabei lässt sich erkennen, das das Gefühl zwar real ist, aber es schon aus Biologischer Sicht Schwachsinn wär durch "Liebe" einen Mann an eine Frau zu binden, da dies doch die ursprüngliche Idee der Paarung behindern würde. Das heißt zusammengefasst in extrem kurzer Form das Liebe nicht existiert, doch das Gefühl durch bestimmte Umstände real geworden ist und somit im Endeffekt doch alles nur eine große Lüge unter besonderen Umständen geworden ist

Anonym hat gesagt…

Untersuche man das Wort Liebe in anderen Sprachen, so lässt sich leicht festellen das wir in der deutschen Sprache eine ziemlich Ausdrucksarmut in der Präzsion haben. Im Griechischen gibt es drei Ausdrücke (agaphe, philos, eros).
Wenn ware Liebe (nicht nur als Gefühl verstanden) erfahren werden soll, dann muss man Gott erleben, den Gott ist die Liebe. (Die Bibel, 1.Joh. 4,16)
Somit ist Liebe auch nicht zu verstehen ohne Gott und sein Wort (die Bibel)!

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